• The first rose fossil it was found 35 million ago.
  • The word rose comes from French, from which the word comes from the Latin rosa. When used in endearment, rosa means “love”.
  • In Roman high society women used petals much like currency believing that they could banish wrinkles if used in poultices.
  • The production of rose water and rose oil was originated in Persia and then spread through and India, and more recently into Eastern Europe in Bulgaria, Iran and Germany. Rose water which is used for cooking, cosmetics, medicine and religious practices.
  • The rose also grows into a fruit. The fruit is called a Rose Hip. It is shaped like a berry and most are red in color but you can find black and dark purple versions. The rose hip of some rose species are known to be full of vitamin C. This is why the rose hip is sometimes used to create jam, jelly & marmalade. Also, it is used in food supplements and can be pressed or filtered to make rose hip syrup.
  • Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines used for stomach problems, and are being investigated for controlling cancer growth.
  • In nature, the genus Rosa has some 150 species spread throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from Holland to Colombia and North Africa.
  • The tallest rose bush on record is over 23 feet (7 metres) tall.
  • The world’s largest rosebush is of the Lady Banksia variety. The rosebush’s canopy measures 8,500 square feet (around 790 square meters), its trunk has a circumference of around 12 feet (3.6 metres), and it comprises of over 200,000 blooms.
  • The world’s most expensive rose is a 2006 variety by famed rose breeder David Austin that was christened Juliet. Breeding the rose took a total 15 years and cost 5 million dollars. Juliet is now considered the world’s most expensive rose cultivar.
  • The rose is one among the only three flowers mentioned in the Bible. The others are lilies and camphire (henna).
  • For years breeders have crossed different colors of roses in an effort to create what seemed the impossible, a blue rose. Rose petals lack the enzyme needed to create a blue pigment and breeders always failed. However, in 2009, applying genetic engineering resulted in the world’s first blue rose.
  • There are no roses that are black in color, although there are a few species of roses that come close. The Turkish Halfeti rose, also known as “The Black Rose of Turkey”, is an extremely rare breed that appears pitch-black to the eye, but in fact is a dark reddish-crimson color.
  • Roses also live a very long time. The large rose bush that covers the wall of the Cathedral of Hildesheim in Germany has done so for over 1000 years.
  • All rose species have 5 petals, except for the Rosa Sericea, which has 4 petals is native to the Himalayas, generally. This breed of rose was introduced to Europe only in the 19th century.